With an potential $14 trillion shortfall in global infrastructure funding. The need for project funding models which can offer value to the development and return to investors is paramount. 

Olcay's article points out a few of these models which whilst becoming more common place are not anything new in the UK rail and infrastructure asset market.

One thing is for sure; the need to please multiple parties involved across the project lifecycle and the end user is paramount. But along with the obvious operational and safety responsibilities of these assets. Unless these projects can be successfully structured and delivered from a commercial perspective, they would never even break ground.