There are so many factors, internal and external, that impact on the effectiveness of leadership. Leadership capabilities in healthcare would not be applicable in policing or manufacturing. And with changes in technology, workforce diversity, and economy occuring at an alarming rate, skills-sets need to continually evolve.
Great leaders complicate leadership development—a notion that may seem paradoxical until you stop and consider just how much has been written about Winston Churchill, Mahatma Gandhi, Abraham Lincoln, Golda Meir, Ernest Shackleton, and countless other celebrated leaders. The sheer volume is overwhelming, and the lessons that emerge from one leader’s experience may be completely inapplicable to another’s. The complications run deeper for business leaders. In the corporate context, effectiveness depends less on the traits of any one executive (or of that person’s direct reports) and more on a company’s competitive challenges, legacies, and other shifting forces.